DIR is the Developmental, Individual-differences, & Relationship-based model (pronounced saying each letter as an initialism: D.I.R.). It was developed by Dr. Stanley Greenspan to provide a foundational framework for understanding human development. It is based on the critical role of social-emotional development starting at birth and continuing throughout the lifespan. It also provides a framework for understanding how each person individually perceives and interacts with the world differently. The model highlights the power of relationships and emotional connections to fuel development. There is some controversy if it has met all the criteria for evidence-based. DIR is also referred to as DIR/Play Therapy/Floortime).
General Information on DIR Therapies
Interdisciplinary Council on Development and Learning
ICDL is the original and leading training resource for DIRFloortime. Through the genius and leadership of Dr. Stanley Greenspan, ICDL has led the interdisciplinary movement to implement a revolutionary approach to understanding and improving a child’s development. ICDL provides the original and only official DIRFloortime® Certificate Program with training available online and in-person around the world. Official DIR® and DIRFloortime® trainings are provided directly by ICDL and through an international network of approved training providers.
Relationship Development Intervention® (RDI) is a family-based, behavioral treatment designed to address autism’s core symptoms. Developed by psychologist Steven Gutstein, Ph.D., it builds on the theory that “dynamic intelligence” is key to improving quality of life for individuals with autism. Dr. Gutstein defines dynamic intelligence as the ability to think flexibly. This includes appreciating different perspectives, coping with change and integrating information from multiple sources (e.g. sights and sounds).